Who Is In Charge Of Fbi And Cia

We have heard of the FBI and the CIA. But who is in charge of them? The answer is actually quite simple: the United States’ Department of Justice is the top of the law enforcement tree when it comes to the FBI and the US Department of Defense for the CIA. The Director of the FBI is appointed by the President and is confirmed by the Senate, while the Director of the CIA is appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate.


The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal law enforcement agency of the United States Department of Justice. Its mission is to investigate and prevent federal crimes. Since its founding in 1908, the FBI has gone through several transformations, most recently in its cyber-security operations. The FBI is highly regarded for its contributions to law enforcement and its intelligence operations, including investigations into terrorism and counter-intelligence.

The current FBI Director is Christopher Wray, who was appointed by President Donald Trump in 2017. Under the supervision of the Attorney General, the FBI does not act independently of the law or from the political influence of the executive arm of government. The FBI Director is responsible for managing and overseeing all FBI activity, including the annual budget and personnel.

The FBI is armed with a variety of investigative tools and strategies, which enable it to investigate and prevent threats to the USA’s national security. These tools include surveillance, search and seizure, the use of forensic evidence, and undercover operations. At the same time, the FBI protects the civil liberties of citizens, meaning that all its activities must adhere to the laws of the United States and its Constitution.


The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is part of the United States Intelligence Community (USIC), working to provide intelligence support to the US government and the US military. The CIA’s mission is to collect, analyze, and disseminate foreign intelligence to help US policy makers and national security professionals make informed decisions.

The Director of the CIA is appointed by the President and is subject to confirmation by the Senate. Its current Director is Gina Haspel, who was appointed by President Trump in 2018. The CIA has a staff of thousands, including analysts, scientists and spies, and is headquartered at Langley, Virginia.

The CIA gathers intelligence from a number of sources, both human and electronic. It looks for information on the activities of foreign governments, foreign nationals and organizations, and international criminal organizations. The CIA uses public and clandestine information to inform US policy makers and protect the US and its citizens from acts of terrorism, proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, and other threats to national security.

The CIA also pursues intelligence initiatives abroad, focusing on foreign threats, such as terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and foreign political insurgencies. Its field operatives may sometimes carry out covert activities on foreign soil, including assassinations, sabotage, and espionage. For these, it has a specialized division—the National Clandestine Service.


Counterintelligence is the practice of protecting information and resources from countries and groups that wish to steal or harm them. It is the job of the FBI, in cooperation with other law enforcement and security agencies, to identify, neutralize and prevent those who seek to undermine the US and its citizens. Counterintelligence involves the detection and neutralization of foreign forces, be they hostile to the US or merely inimical to its interests.

In order to counter efforts of adversaries seeking to gain access to sensitive US information, the FBI works to identify and neutralize individuals who may be working on behalf of foreign intelligence and government services. It also investigates possible terrorist threats within and outside the US, as well as developing effective strategies for countering these threats.

The FBI also works to locate and disrupt criminal activity, such as drug smuggling, money laundering, and organized crime. All in all, it works hard to protect the US from both external and internal threats.

Clandestine Operations

The CIA is responsible for conducting secret or clandestine operations abroad. These clandestine activities, in addition to obtaining and analyzing foreign intelligence, include collecting (human) intelligence (HUMINT), covert action, and counterterrorism operations. The CIA employs agents who work in the field, using their covert skills to collect sensitive information, as well as operational officers who can carry out covert operations in support of US foreign policy.

The CIA engages in covert action on behalf of the US government, in order to protect and promote its interests overseas. These activities include the use of propaganda and deception, the recruitment and manipulation of foreign nationals to act in the US’s interest, and the mobilization of paramilitary or paramilitary-style forces.

In addition, the CIA is also responsible for Intelligence Support Action activities, which involve spying, sabotage and disruption operations against adversarial targets. All of these operations support US foreign policy objectives, especially in cases where the US government cannot publicly admit its involvement.

Strategic Analysis and Intelligence Gathering

The CIA is also responsible for intelligence analysis and strategic planning. It serves as a bridge between military and diplomatic activities by providing insights and recommendations on policy. This analysis combines a number of different fields, including economics, psychology, sociology, science and technology, and international relations, to form a basis for the US’ understanding of a particular situation.

Before the CIA takes any action, it analyzes the situation in-depth. Its analysts consult with various government departments, including the military and Department of State, to determine the best course of action. The CIA also engages in intelligence gathering, collecting and analyzing information from various sources, including spies, satellites, eavesdropping devices, open source materials and other intelligence-gathering activities.

Coordination With Other Agencies

The FBI and CIA coordinate with each other and with a number of other federal, state and local law enforcement agencies. The FBI and CIA work together to share information and resources, while the FBI liaises with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to help in combating terrorism at home and abroad.

The FBI and CIA have a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that allows them to cooperate and coordinate on certain activities. The MOU also authorizes the agencies to share sensitive but unclassified (SBU) information with each other, as long as the sharing conforms to national security and law enforcement interests. At the same time, both agencies must adhere to all applicable laws, regulations and guidelines in regard to the sharing of information.

The FBI and CIA also liaise with agencies and organizations outside of the US, such as the NSA, GCHQ and Europol, to help in the global fight against crime and terrorism. Such collaboration is essential for the US to gain an understanding of the latest trends in criminal and terrorist activities, and to share relevant information.


To summarize, the US Department of Justice is the top of the law enforcement tree concerning the FBI, while the US Department of Defense oversees the CIA. The FBI Director is appointed by the President and is confirmed by the Senate, while the CIA Director is appointed by the President with the consent of the Senate. The FBI uses a variety of tools to investigate federal crimes and protect civil liberties, while the CIA focuses on intelligence support to US policy makers and the protection of citizens from threats to national security. All in all, both the FBI and CIA work together to help protect the US from criminals and terrorists.

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Rosemary Harrold is an accomplished writer and researcher who is both passionate and knowledgeable about the world of secret services. She gained an MSc in International Relations in 2017 and has since built on her expertise with numerous publications on intelligence agencies, their practices, and recent developments. Rosemary has been writing about IBM, CIA and FBI activities since then, as well as providing in-depth analysis on intelligence-related topics.

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