Who Investigates The Cia

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has been a part of the United States government since 1947, yet the agency remains shrouded in mystery. Who investigates the CIA? This important question has been asked by the public, both in the U.S. and abroad, for some time now. From the public’s perspective, it can be difficult to know who is holding the agency accountable.

Internally, the agency’s inspector general is tasked with providing this supervision. The inspector general is appointed by the President, and has the authority to investigate and report on activities related to any of the CIA’s internal functions. The inspector general is independent from the CIA and has the authority to investigate any and all aspects of the agency’s operations.

For outside investigations, the agents of the agency are generally believed to be answerable to the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). When the DOJ and FBI have a reason to suspect criminal activity within the agency, it is their task to start an investigation. Both the DOJ and FBI are allowed regular access to CIA documents and facilities by law.

However, some experts believe that the role of the DOJ and FBI is limited and believe that a better mechanism of accountability should exist. For example, former CIA director Michael Hayden has argued that the agency should be even more open to outside scrutiny. He has proposed the creation of an independent oversight body to investigate allegations of criminal activity or misconduct within the agency.

It is unclear if the DOJ and FBI will ever have the authority to investigate the CIA in the same way that other government agencies, such as the Department of Defense, is investigated. It is also unclear if an independent oversight body, such as the one proposed by Hayden, will ever be formed. What is clear is that something more needs to be done to improve the level of accountability, transparency, and oversight of the agency.

Congressional Oversight

Another important mechanism for monitoring the CIA is congressional oversight. Congress has the power to investigate and oversee the activities of the intelligence community through various committees. The most important of these committees is the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI). The SSCI has the authority to investigate any aspect of the CIA’s operations and can make public recommendations after completing its investigations.

In addition to the SSCI, other congressional committees also have the authority to investigate specific matters related to the agency. For example, the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (HPSCI) has oversight of the CIA’s budget and the activities of CIA personnel. It also has the ability to investigate any cases of corruption or misconduct.

Thus, while the CIA is not answerable to any public oversight body, the agency must answer to Congress and the president. In addition to the SSCI and HPSCI, certain members of Congress are also allowed to visit CIA facilities. The visits are often restricted, but they can help keep the agency accountable to the public through congressional oversight.

Lawsuits and Whistleblowers

Another avenue for accountability is through lawsuits and whistleblowing. An individual affected by the agency’s policies can file a lawsuit against the CIA in an effort to gain access to documents and information about the agency’s activities. This type of legal action can help to uncover information that would otherwise remain hidden and can also help represent the views of individuals or organizations whose rights were violated by the agency.

Whistleblowers can also be important in helping to expose unsavory or even criminal activity within the agency. The public and media, who can often serve as watchdogs to the federal government, are also essential in holding the agency accountable. By raising public awareness of potential issues, they can put pressure on the agency to be more responsible in its practices.

In recent years, the agency has made some efforts to improve its transparency. For example, the agency has released information about certain counterintelligence activities. A committee of the SSCI, known as the Evidence Review Group, has also been formed to provide greater transparency into the agency’s activities.

However, the CIA still remains an agency largely shrouded in mystery, and it can be difficult to know who is holding the agency accountable. While the agency’s internal inspector general and congressional oversight committees can help provide some accountability, the public and legal system can also serve important roles.

Court Judgements

One of the most established methods for holding the CIA accountable is through court judgements. A person has the right to sue the agency for perceived wrongdoings, and any judgement against the agency could result in the disclosure of certain information that would otherwise remain inaccessible. In recent years, several individuals have sued the CIA for a variety of reasons. For example, a former employee of the agency sued for discrimination, while another sued for violations of privacy.

Courts also have the ability to order the CIA to provide information in specific cases. For example, in a suit brought against the agency for its use of torture, a federal court ordered the CIA to publicly disclose information pertinent to the case. The ruling was later overturned, but it serves to illustrate the potential of the court system in providing the public with more transparency into the agency’s activities.

Overall, the court system can be an effective way to bring the CIA to account. It is also important to note, however, that the case must be of sufficient legal standing and strength in order to gain traction in court. Additionally, the agency often has the resources to outlast an individual in court, making such actions difficult.

Media and Public Transparency

The media and public serve as watchdogs to the federal government, including the CIA. As such, they have a unique ability to hold the agency accountable for its actions and to make sure that the secrecy and power of the agency does not lead to corruption. This can be accomplished through public awareness campaigns, investigative journalism, and lawsuits.

For example, the media has helped to expose certain illegal activities of the agency in recent years, including its use of controversial interrogation techniques. Additionally, legal action brought by the media and public can give the courts the opportunity to order the disclosure of vital information related to the agency’s activities.

Therefore, it is essential that the public and media remain vigilant in their own efforts to hold the CIA accountable. This can be accomplished by remaining informed on the agency’s activities, exposing any wrongdoing, and pushing for greater transparency and accountability.

State and Local Governments

State and local governments can also be instrumental in providing oversight of the CIA. In particular, state attorneys general have the authority to look into the abuses and misconduct of any federal agency. This can be done through investigations, the review of legal documents and reports, or through the use of the Freedom of Information Act.

State and local governments can also be effective in helping to improve the transparency of the agency. For example, several states have passed laws that require the CIA to disclose certain information when requested. This can help citizens learn more about the agency’s activities and hold it accountable for any wrongdoing.

Overall, state and local governments can be effective in helping to promote greater accountability and transparency of the CIA. Their investigations can provide critical insight into the operations of the agency and help ensure that it is not conducting any actions that would undermine the public’s trust.

International Scrutiny

The CIA is often involved in activities beyond the purview of the United States government, including those in other countries. As such, international scrutiny of the agency can help to ensure that it is acting in an accountable manner. This can be done through investigations and reports conducted by international bodies such as the United Nations or International Criminal Court.

The UN has conducted a number of investigations into the CIA in recent years. These investigations have focused on the use of torture, rendition flights, and the use of secret prisons. In addition, the International Criminal Court has also launched investigations into the activities of U.S. soldiers and CIA agents over the past decade.

Thus, international oversight of the CIA can help to ensure that the agency is acting in accordance with international law and treaty obligations. This, in turn, can help to improve the transparency of the agency and ensure that its activities are being held accountable to the public.


Overall, the CIA is not answerable to any single external oversight body. However, there are a number of ways in which the agency can be held accountable and its activities made more transparent. Internally, the CIA’s Inspector General is tasked with providing oversight, while congressional and international oversight bodies can help provide external supervision. The public, media, and legal system can also play an important role in holding the agency accountable. In the end, it is important for the public to remain vigilant in keeping the CIA accountable for its actions and ensuring that it is acting in a responsible and transparent manner.

Categories CIA

Rosemary Harrold is an accomplished writer and researcher who is both passionate and knowledgeable about the world of secret services. She gained an MSc in International Relations in 2017 and has since built on her expertise with numerous publications on intelligence agencies, their practices, and recent developments. Rosemary has been writing about IBM, CIA and FBI activities since then, as well as providing in-depth analysis on intelligence-related topics.

Leave a Comment