What President Started The Cia

Harry S. Truman, the 33rd president of the United States, was the one responsible for establishing the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). By signing the National Security Act of 1947, he gave the federal government authority to collect, analyze and disseminate intelligence. The agency was created to ensure peace and national security, and its headquarters were initially located in Washington, D.C.

Prior to the creation of the CIA, the United States did not have an organization charged with collecting and analyzing intelligence from around the world. American intelligence efforts existed as far back as 1776, but it was not until 1917, when the Office of Naval Intelligence was established, that a formalized system was developed.

The first organized intelligence-gathering efforts were established in World War I, when the armed forces began gathering and sharing information. During World War II, it became evident that a centralized intelligence agency was needed to better handle and analyze information. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a series of executive orders to create such an organization. After Roosevelt’s death, Truman continued to pursue the reorganization of intelligence efforts, culminating in the creation of the CIA.

The first Director of Central Intelligence, Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, was appointed by Truman in 1947. He quickly set up the organization and laid out its mission: “to advise the President on all matters related to the national security and to assume those additional functions and responsibilities that the President may direct.” This directive was an important part of the agency’s growth and development.

Now, the CIA has evolved into one of the most powerful organizations in the world. It is responsible for collecting and analyzing foreign intelligence, identifying threats and combating terrorists. Its mission still remains the same as Truman intended it to be when he signed the National Security Act: to protect the United States and its citizens from foreign threats.

Budget And Resources

Though the CIA’s exact budget is classified, the agency has become increasingly well-funded over the years. In the 2018 fiscal year, the agency received $14.25 billion in funding, according to reports. This money was used to enhance the agency’s intelligence gathering capabilities as well as to provide support to the military and counterterrorism efforts. In addition, the agency has numerous resources at its disposal, such as a fleet of aircraft and an extensive intelligence network. As of today, the CIA is the most important intelligence agency in the United States.


Throughout its existence, the CIA has been embroiled in numerous controversies. This includes allegations of its involvement in assassination plots, domestic espionage and torture. While the agency denies any involvement in these activities, it is widely believed in some circles that the agency has gone rogue and become an instrument for the executive branch of government.

The CIA has also been criticized for its lack of transparency and lack of accountability. While the agency has adopted a policy of transparency in recent years, its activities are largely kept secret. This has led to much speculation and criticism over the agency’s activities and how it operates.


Despite contemporary controversies, the legacy of the CIA still stands as one of the most important organizations in the federal government. From a simple intelligence gathering agency under Truman’s leadership, it has grown into an organization with wide-reaching powers and influence. It is widely believed that the CIA has been responsible for some of the most important intelligence successes in history, and its vast resources are invaluable in protecting the security of the United States.

Technological Advancements

Since its founding, the CIA has utilized a wide range of technologies to facilitate its operations. In recent years, the agency has heavily invested in emerging technologies such as biometrics, facial recognition, data mining and even artificial intelligence. The agency has also developed its own encrypted communications network, which it uses to securely exchange information with its partners federally, internationally and in the private sector.

The CIA also now has a presence in the virtual world, with its own website and even an official Twitter account. The agency is utilizing the latest technology to ensure that it remains one step ahead of its adversaries and to ensure the safety of the nation and its citizens.

Structure And Leadership

The CIA is now an independent agency operating within the Executive Branch of the United States government. Its leadership is selected by the President, with recommendations from the National Security Council. Its director serves as a Presidential advisor and is responsible for ensuring that the agency’s activities and operations are in line with the law and national security goals.

The agency is also organized into several divisions, each with its own area of focus. These divisions include Counterintelligence and Counterterrorism; Intelligence Collection; Information Technology, Analysis and Production; and Support Services. Each division is responsible for various aspects of the agency’s operations, from intelligence gathering to analysing and disseminating information.

Conclusion Of Its Role In National Security

Since its creation in 1947, the CIA has grown and evolved into an organization that is vital to the safety and security of the United States. Under the leadership of Truman, the agency was established to protect the nation from foreign threats and has since become one of the most powerful organizations in the federal government. Its reach extends far beyond intelligence gathering, with its resources and technological capabilities playing an important role in defending the nation from both foreign and domestic threats.

The CIA also operates within the boundaries of the law and is accountable for its actions. As it continues to evolve with the times, the agency is sure to remain a key force in the federal government for many years to come.

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Rosemary Harrold is an accomplished writer and researcher who is both passionate and knowledgeable about the world of secret services. She gained an MSc in International Relations in 2017 and has since built on her expertise with numerous publications on intelligence agencies, their practices, and recent developments. Rosemary has been writing about IBM, CIA and FBI activities since then, as well as providing in-depth analysis on intelligence-related topics.

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